Smartphone Navigation for Hiking – A fad or useful tool?
You want topographical maps and offline GPS navigation when you’re hiking into the wilderness? Have you considered smartphone trail navigation and hiking apps? Google Maps certainly isn’t going to cut it so you need to look for more detailed apps that contain offline topographic detail.
Most seasoned hikers will say your smartphone should not be your primary navigation tool but I am not about to argue this with the thousands of hikers who use them. My recommendation, if you are going to use your phone as a navigation tool, always carry a map and compass or GPS as a navigation backup. It’s my recommendation you always have two reliable navigation aids.
Smartphone navigation is common as a hiking tool. Unfortunately, some people think they are magical devices that keep people from getting lost – Nope! They are useful tools but should never be relied on as your only navigation tool. Continued use of GPS running in the background can dramatically decrease battery life. If they run out of batteries, get wet, or break, then it is a good idea to have a map and compass or GPS as a backup.
For all hikes I do, I actually use my smart phone and hand held GPS for a quick update on my current position but I always plan my hikes using a scaled topographical map and I always carry a map and compass in my pack. Most important tip is to select an app with offline map mode to ensure that you are never left stranded without mobile coverage and it will save your battery life too.
Tips to get the most out of your phone
- Keep the phone turned off when it’s not needed. A Mobile phone outside of range will continue to search for a signal quickly using up the battery. Also turn off the WiFi and Bluetooth settings
- Keep it dry and warm, store the phone in a waterproof pouch or buy a waterproof phone
- You can often get reception from high ground. If you don’t have reception, walk to a high point
- SMS messages use much less power than calling; if your battery is low, send information via SMS
- The GPS in your phone relies on the mobile network to render maps, while some phones have maps stored inside them. Most of these maps are not ideal for hiking as they lack detail, so it is advised to download outdoor apps & learn how to use them. Know how to access your current GPS location from within the app.
- Download the “Emergency Plus App” This gives your GPS location immediately and will allow you to contact emergency services directly from the app. Ensure your location services and mobile data is turned on.
There are a lot of apps out there, some good, some not so good. Everyone has different preferences so I won’t tell you which one is best. Here are a handful of the smartphone trail navigation apps I have used, in no particular order of recommendation.
Emergency Plus: Developed by Australia’s emergency services and government and industry partners. The mobile phone app uses a phone’s GPS functionality so callers can provide emergency call-takers with their location information as determined by their smartphone. This app also includes SES and Police Assistance Line numbers as options, so non-emergency calls are made to the most appropriate number.
BOM Weather: The Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s weather app, giving you the most accurate weather information at your fingertips. This app provides information wherever you are in Australia on current weather conditions, warnings, forecasts and rain radar information.
First Aid App: The Red Cross First Aid app is a free, comprehensive pocket guide to first aid and CPR, giving you access to the most up to date first aid information anytime, anywhere.
Trail Navigation Apps
Hiiker App: HiiKER helps you to find 1000s of the best backpacking and hiking adventures, with reviews, photos, and great places to stay. Prepare for areas of low network connectivity by downloading all of the trail information for offline use. Plan each and every stage of your hike from accomodation and campground stays, to food and water refill stops and so much more. Customise your app to your personal preferences by adjusting map styles, meassurement units, Map projects, and average hike speed estimates.
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Pocket Earth Pro: Detailed, interactive, customizable, and frequently updated worldwide maps, available online and off! More than 100,000 places. True high resolution support for Retina display giving crisp, beautiful maps. Online Routing with driving/cycling/walking directions! Save your routes for offline use! Hands-free GPS Navigation.
Download from the App Store
Gaia GPS: Gaia GPS is a full mapping and GPS application that gives you access to a whole host of map layers. It’s available for IOS and Android and even provides a web interface to allow you to plan out your routes and sync them with your other devices. It also allows for recording GPS tracks and waypoints.
Avenza Maps: A mobile map app that allows you to download maps for offline use on iOS or Android smartphone or tablet. Your device’s built-in GPS will track your location on any map, plot locations and photos, measure distance and area, and more. You can browse and purchase additional maps from all over the world through the Avenza Map Store.
Memory-Map: The Memory-Map app turns your iPhone or iPad into an outdoor GPS and allows you to navigate with 4WD maps, Topo maps, Street Maps or Marine charts without the need for maintaining a phone signal. Maps are downloaded on-the-fly or in advance. Once the app and maps are loaded to the Phone, cellular network coverage or internet connection is not required for real time GPS navigation.
Outdooractive (ex View Ranger): Outdooractive is your digital guide to the outdoors with downloadable route guides, outdoor maps, and powerful GPS navigation features. Our mobile app runs on iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch, and Android smartphones, tablets, and watches.
Top Maps+: Easily download USGS, Glacier Topo, Satellite, and Thunderforest topographic maps so you can use the maps offline while deep in the backcountry. Use your iPhone’s GPS to view your current location, even when you don’t have a cell signal. GPS and downloaded maps work even without an internet connection so you can use Topo Maps+ deep in the backcountry. Add waypoints at important locations, like where you parked, so you can navigate to those locations.
Download from the App Store
Wikiloc: Find the ideal trail for your next activity with filters such as mileage, elevation gain or also narrowing it down to the one that interests you with the map. Record your outdoor activities on a map, get real-time statistics like speed, distance and elevation profile graphs, take photos and mark waypoints along the route and upload all of it directly to Wikiloc. Wikiloc Premium lets you explore and discover the best trails near your location and follow them with aids like heading indicators, compass and audio clues that alert you when you wander off the trail. No internet needed!